Seasonal effect of different grafting and budding methods performed at three heights on pome, stone and nut fruits were studied under polyhoused condition. Chip budding at height of 8-10 cm and even 13-15 cm during February-March and July-August was highly successful for pome and stone fruits with graft/bud success rate of 86.9% to 95.9%. This was closely followed by wedge grafting(81.5% to 89.1%) and tongue grafting(79.4% to 86.55). In case of walnut, chip budding and wedge grafting during February-March at height of 8-10 cm(83.1%) and 13-15 cm(77.8%) gave higher graft success. T-budding at 8-10 cm height during July-August gave 84.6% to 89.5% success in different temperate fruit crops except walnut. Chip budding, done with active vegetative or dormant mature buds on active vegetative or dormant stocks, respectively, extended the regular budding/grafting season, even if, bud is not slipping in the dormancy period or started stock/scion sap flow in the spring.
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- Chip budding
- Nut fruit
- Pome fruit
- Stone fruit
- Wedge grafting