Brain energy metabolism of the conscious rat exposed to various physiological and pathological situations

Avraham Mayevsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Using a time-sharing fluorometer-reflectometer, pyridine nucleotide (NADH) and flavoprotein (Fp) fluorescence, as well as reflected light at the excitation wavelenght, were measured and correlated with the electrical activity of an awake cerebral cortex. Exposure of the rat to a nitrogen atmosphere (anoxia) led to a increase in signals representing the reduction of pyridine nucleotides and flavins, with very similar kinetics. Inducement of partial ischemia by bilateral carotid artery ligation led to an increase in NADH, accompanied by a very small effect on the electrical activity (ECoG). In most animals, 2-3 h after ligation, the ECoG became flat or depressed. Exposure of this ischemic cerebral cortex to KCl solution caused depression of the electrical activity without metabolic response probably due to the limitation of oxygen supply. The metabolic state of an awake cerebral cortex was identified by exposing the brain to various levels of oxygen, epileptoform activity, spreading depression, hyperbaric pressure of oxygen and an uncoupler. From our results we conclude that the awake cerebral cortex is close to the resting state, state 4, rather than to the active state, state 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-338
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 27 Aug 1976

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF), Jerusalem, Israel and by the portion of the Program Project Grant NINDS 10939-02-03 under the direction of Professor Britton Chance.


Dive into the research topics of 'Brain energy metabolism of the conscious rat exposed to various physiological and pathological situations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this