Bradykinin stimulates a rise in cytosolic calcium in renal glomerular mesangial cells via a pertussis toxin insensitive pathway

S. Kremer, P. Harper, R. Hegele, K. Skorecki

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34 Scopus citations


Bradykinin elicits a complex response in the renal glomerulus which includes a reduction in the glomerular capillary ultrafiltration coefficient. To elucidate the biochemical mechanism of this response, we investigated calcium signalling in rat renal glomerular mesangial cells in culture using the calcium-sensitive fluorescent dye, Indo-1. Bradykinin was found to cause a concentration-dependent transient rise in cytosolic free calcium followed by a sustained slower secondary rise. The bradykinin response persisted with acute removal of extracellular calcium using EGTA, indicating that calcium entry from outside the cell did not mediate this primary response. Prolonged exposure to EGTA, which reduced intracellular stores, eliminated the calcium response to bradykinin but not to vasopressin, indicating differential sensitivity to intracellular calcium stores of these two hormonal responses. In agreement, prior stimulation with vasopressin significantly attenuated the response to bradykinin, but the converse did not occur. Aluminum fluoride and pertussis toxin were used to investigate the possible involvement of a guanyl nucleotide regulatory protein in signal transduction. Aluminum fluoride induced a transient rise in cytosolic calcium that was abrogated by prior exposure to the cells of pertussis toxin. This demonstrates the effectiveness of pertussis toxin and the presence of a calcium-signalling pathway susceptible to pertussis toxin in these cells. In contrast, the responses to bradykinin and vasopressin were unaffected by pertussis toxin. We conclude that bradykinin stimulates release of calcium from intracellular stores in glomerular mesangial cells via a petussis toxin insenstive pathway. This mesangial response provides a direct biochemical basis for the bradykinin-induced fall in glomerular capillary ultrafiltration coefficient which has been observed in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes


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