Magnesium ion (Mg2+) is one of the most significant cations in living systems with involvement in many biochemical reactions and cellular processes and hence, sensitive and specific detection of Mg2+ is therefore essential for various applications. Here, we report the solvothermal synthesis of boron-doped carbon dots (BC10) with more oxygen surface states by using salicylaldehyde and naphthalene-1-boronic acid. The as-prepared BC10 showed greenish-white luminescence under 365 nm UV illumination with quantum yield (QY) of 5.5 % at optimum dilution with dimethyl sulfur oxide (DMSO) solvent. The BC10 in DMSO (DS-BC10) have shown high selectivity and sensitivity towards Mg2+ ion through the increased PL intensity due to chelation-enhanced photoluminescence (CHEP). The enhanced PL intensity was further supported by the increased QY by a factor of 12 after the addition of Mg2+ ions to 65.7 %. Moreover, the limit of detection of DS-BC10 is calculated to be 0.4 μM, which is 100 times better than the recently reported carbon dot-based Mg2+ sensor. Following that, DS-BC10 is also explored for detection of magnesium ions in lab tap water, seawater, and drinking mineral water with good precision. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) calculations using B3LYP/6-31G (d) method for the DS-BC10 and their Mg2+ complexes support the experimental observations.
|State||Published - 13 Jun 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Bharati for Raman measurements and Dr. Ilana for HR-TEM analysis from the Department of Chemistry, Bar Ilan University.
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- boron doping
- oxygen functional groups