Bone maturation in girls with Turner's syndrome

Lea Even, Vadim Bronstein, Ze'ev Hochberg

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20 Scopus citations


The mechanism of growth retardation in Turner's syndrome has not been resolved. It is often referred to as a bone dysplasia, although endocrine derangement has not been ruled out. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the maturation of individual bones of the hand and wrist in girls with Turner's syndrome and thereby obtain information which may aid in elaborating the possible mechanism of the growth retardation in girls with Turner's syndrome. Hand and wrist films of 24 girls with Turner's syndrome, 11 normal girls with short stature and 23 normal controls were evaluated, using the references of Greulich and Pyle. Each bone or epiphysis was given an individual 'age'. During childhood the Turner patients showed the greatest delay in bone age of the phalangeal bones while the least delayed were the radius and ulna (long bones) and metacarpals. The carpal bones showed intermediate retardation. This pattern and extent of maturational retardation was clearly different from that of the short stature normal group, who showed uniform retardation of all bones. During adolescence, the phalangeal bones were further retarded and the carpel bones showed a moderate retardation. The unique profile of bone maturation in Turner's syndrome suggests an insult to chondroplasia, which may be related to estrogen deficiency or to an as yet undetermined endocrine or paracrine derangement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes


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