"Blessed Is He Who Has Not Made Me a Woman": Ambivalent Sexism and Jewish Religiosity

Ruth Gaunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This study explored the relationships between Jewish religiosity and ambivalent sexist attitudes toward men and women. Drawing on ambivalent sexism theory and Judaism's views of gender relations, it was hypothesized that religiosity would be positively related to benevolent sexism and benevolent attitudes toward men. The hypotheses were tested in a convenience sample of 854 Israeli Jews (471 women, 355 men) who completed measures of ambivalent sexism, ambivalence toward men and religiosity. Controlling for the effects of age, education and marital status, religiosity predicted more benevolent sexist attitudes for both men and women. The findings also revealed negative associations between Jewish religiosity and hostile attitudes, mainly among men. That is, more religious men were less likely to express hostile attitudes toward men and women. These findings attest to the complex relationships between religiosity and sexist attitudes, and underscore the importance of investigating the impact of diverse religious traditions on gender attitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-487
Number of pages11
JournalSex Roles
Issue number9-10
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Benevolent sexism
  • Gender attitudes
  • Hostile sexism
  • Jewish religiosity


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