Bi2Te2Se and Sb2Te3 heterostructure based photodetectors with high responsivity and broadband photoresponse: experimental and theoretical analysis

Sandeep Kumar Verma, Sanjay Sharma, Gyanendra Kumar Maurya, Vidushi Gautam, Roshani Singh, Ajeet Singh, Kavindra Kandpal, Pramod Kumar, Arun Kumar, Claudia Wiemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Topological insulators have emerged as one of the most promising candidates for the fabrication of novel electronic and optoelectronic devices due to the unique properties of nontrivial Dirac cones on the surface and a narrow bandgap in the bulk. In this work, the Sb2Te3 and Bi2Te2Se materials, and their heterostructure are fabricated by metal-organic chemical vapour deposition and evaporation techniques. Photodetection of these materials and their heterostructure shows that they detect light in a broadband range of 600 to 1100 nm with maximum photoresponse of Sb2Te3, Bi2Te2Se and Sb2Te3/Bi2Te2Se at 1100, 1000, and 1000 nm, respectively. The maximum responsivity values of Sb2Te3, Bi2Te2Se, and their heterostructure are 183, 341.8, and 245.9 A W−1 at 1000 nm, respectively. A computational study has also been done using density functional theory (DFT). Using the first-principles methods based on DFT, we have systematically investigated these topological insulators and their heterostructure's electronic and optical properties. The band structures of Sb2Te3 and Bi2Te2Se thin films (3 QL) and their heterostructure are calculated. The bandgaps of Sb2Te3 and Bi2Te2Se are 26.4 and 23 meV, respectively, while the Sb2Te3/Bi2Te2Se heterostructure shows metallic behaviour. For the optical properties, the dielectric function's real and imaginary parts are calculated using DFT and random phase approximation (RPA). It is observed that these topological materials and their heterostructure are light absorbers in a broadband range, with maximum absorption at 1.90, 2.40, and 3.21 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25008-25017
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume25
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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