Birth outcomes associated with a natural delivery approach in a perinatal center: A comparative retrospective study

Raneen Abu Shqara, Gabriela Goldinfeld, Roni Tenne Cohen, Sari Nahir Biderman, Lior Lowenstein, Maya Frank Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: At our center, natural home-like delivery settings have been established in or near conventional labor wards, for the care of pregnant women who prefer little or no medical intervention during labor and birth. We compared obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of women in active spontaneous labor, between those who chose to deliver in a natural-delivery setup and those who chose a conventional setting. Methods: This retrospective study included low-risk women who delivered at term between March 1, 2020 and December 31, 2022, in a single tertiary university affiliated medical center. Birth outcomes were compared between 124 women who delivered by natural birth (the study group) and 244 who gave birth in a conventional setting (the control group). Results: No cesarean deliveries were performed in the study group, compared to 18 (7.4%) of the control group, p = 0.004. Intrapartum fever, postpartum hemorrhage, and uterotonic administration were similar between the groups. For the study compared to the control group, breastfeeding was more common (71.3% vs. 12.3%, p < 0.001), analgesia administration within 48 h delivery was lower (4.1% vs. 10.7%, p = 0.033), and maternal and neonatal length of hospitalization were shorter. Of the women initially admitted to the natural-delivery room, 14 (11.5%) were transferred to a conventional-delivery room. Conclusions: Birth in a hospital natural-delivery setting was associated with increased likelihood of vaginal birth, increased immediate breastfeeding and breastfeeding at discharge, and lower postpartum pain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Early online date15 Apr 2024
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 15 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Keywords

  • cesarean delivery
  • delivery room
  • epidural analgesia
  • fetal monitoring
  • natural delivery
  • parturition

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