Bimetallic Phosphides for Hybrid Supercapacitors

Sk Tarik Aziz, Sushil Kumar, Sk Riyajuddin, Kaushik Ghosh, Gilbert Daniel Nessim, Deepak P. Dubal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supercapacitors (SCs) are considered promising energy storage systems because of their high power output and long-term cycling stability; however, they usually exhibit poor energy density. The hybrid supercapacitor (HSC) is an emerging concept in which two dissimilar electrodes with different charge storage mechanisms are paired to deliver high energy without sacrificing power output. This Perspective highlights the features of transition-metal phosphides (TMPs) as the positive electrode in HSCs. In particular, bimetallic nickel cobalt phosphide (NiCoP) with multiple redox sites, excellent electrochemical reversibility, and stability is discussed. We outline how the rational heterostructures, elemental variations, and nanocomposite morphologies tune the electrochemical properties of NiCoP as the positive electrode in HSCs. The Perspective further sheds light on NiCoP-based composites that help in improving the overall performance of HSCs in terms of energy density and cycling stability. The key scientific challenges and perspectives on building efficient and stable HSCs for future applications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5138-5149
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2021

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