Big Data analytics and artificial intelligence in mental healthcare

Ariel Rosenfeld, David Benrimoh, Caitrin Armstrong, Nykan Mirchi, Timothe Langlois-Therrien, Colleen Rollins, Myriam Tanguay-Sela, Joseph Mehltretter, Robert Fratila, Sonia Israel, Emily Snook, Kelly Perlman, Akiva Kleinerman, Bechara Saab, Mark Thoburn, Cheryl Gabbay, Amit Yaniv-Rosenfeld

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mental health conditions cause a great deal of distress or impairment; depression alone will affect 11% of the world’s population. The application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and big-data technologies to mental health has great potential for personalizing treatment selection, prognosticating, monitoring for relapse, detecting and helping to prevent mental health conditions before they reach clinical-level symptomatology, and even delivering some treatments. However, unlike similar applications in other fields of medicine, there are several unique challenges in mental health applications, which currently pose barriers toward the implementation of these technologies. Specifically, there are very few widely used or validated biomarkers in mental health, leading to a heavy reliance on patient-and clinician-derived questionnaire data as well as interpretation of new signals such as digital phenotyping. In addition, diagnosis also lacks the same objective “gold standard” as in other conditions such as oncology, where clinicians and researchers can often rely on pathological analysis for confirmation of diagnosis. In this chapter, we discuss the major opportunities, limitations, and techniques used for improving mental healthcare through AI and big data. We explore both the computational, clinical, and ethical considerations and best practices as well as lay out the major researcher directions for the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplications of Big Data in Healthcare
Subtitle of host publicationTheory and Practice
PublisherElsevier
Pages137-171
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9780128202036
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Big data
  • Mental healthcare
  • Psychiatry

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