Better preprocessing for secure multiparty computation

Carsten Baum, Ivan Damgård, Tomas Toft, Rasmus Zakarias

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present techniques and protocols for the preprocessing of secure multiparty computation (MPC), focusing on the so-called SPDZ MPC scheme [14] and its derivatives [1,11,13]. These MPC schemes consist of a so-called preprocessing or offline phase where correlated randomness is generated that is independent of the inputs and the evaluated function, and an online phase where such correlated randomness is consumed to securely and efficiently evaluate circuits. In the recent years, it has been shown that such protocols (such as [5,17,18]) turn out to be very efficient in practice. Whilemuch research has been conducted towards optimizing the online phase of the MPC protocols, there seems to have been less focus on the offline phase of such protocols (except for [11]). With this work, we want to close this gap and give a toolbox of techniques that aim at optimizing the preprocessing. We support both instantiations over small fields and large rings using somewhat homomorphic encryption and the Paillier cryptosystem [19], respectively. In the case of small fields, we show how the preprocessing overhead can basically be made independent of the field characteristic. In the case of large rings, we present a protocol based on the Paillier cryptosystem which has a lower message complexity than previous protocols and employs more efficient zero-knowledge proofs that, to the best of our knowledge, were not presented in previous work.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplied Cryptography and Network Security - 14th International Conference, ACNS 2016, Proceedings
EditorsMark Manulis, Steve Schneider, Ahmad-Reza Sadeghi
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages327-345
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319395548
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event14th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security, ACNS 2016 - Guildford, United Kingdom
Duration: 19 Jun 201622 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9696
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security, ACNS 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityGuildford
Period19/06/1622/06/16

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.

Keywords

  • Efficient multiparty computation
  • Paillier encryption
  • Preprocessing

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