Beauty and Wellness in the Semantic Memory of the Beholder

Yoed N. Kenett, Lyle Ungar, Anjan Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Beauty and wellness are terms used often in common parlance, however their meaning and relation to each other is unclear. To probe their meaning, we applied network science methods to estimate and compare the semantic networks associated with beauty and wellness in different age generation cohorts (Generation Z, Millennials, Generation X, and Baby Boomers) and in women and men. These mappings were achieved by estimating group-based semantic networks from free association responses to a list of 47 words, either related to Beauty, Wellness, or Beauty + Wellness. Beauty was consistently related to Elegance, Feminine, Gorgeous, Lovely, Sexy, and Stylish. Wellness was consistently related Aerobics, Fitness, Health, Holistic, Lifestyle, Medical, Nutrition, and Thrive. In addition, older cohorts had semantic networks that were less connected and more segregated from each other. Finally, we found that women compared to men had more segregated and organized concepts of Beauty and Wellness. In contemporary societies that are pre-occupied by the pursuit of beauty and a healthy lifestyle, our findings shed novel light on how people think about beauty and wellness and how they are related across different age generations and by sex.

Original languageEnglish
Article number696507
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
StatePublished - 5 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Kenett, Ungar and Chatterjee.


This project was supported, in part, by the Global Wellness Institute to AC.

FundersFunder number
Global Wellness Institute


    • aging
    • beauty
    • semantic networks
    • wellness
    • word2vec


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