This study examined gender differences in attribution of severity and blame towards the male attacker and female victim as a function of the victim's behavior after the rape. Each of the 46 men and 47 women who participated in the study was presented with twelve rape scenarios. Each scenario included information related to the victim's behavior after the rape: meeting with the attacker (Yes/No); filing a complaint (Yes/No); and exhibiting symptoms of distress (Low/Medium/High). The participants were asked to grade the extent of the victim's contribution, the offender's contribution and the severity of the event on a scale of 1-10, for each of the 12 rape scenarios presented. As hypothesized, all of the variables influenced blame attributed to the victim even though the victim's behavior after being raped had no relevance to the rape incident itself. This finding is discussed with respect to Defensive Attribution Theory and Just World Theory.
|Translated title of the contribution||Attribution of Blame and Severity of Rape as a Function of the Victim's Behavior before, during and after the Rape, among Therapists and Non-therapists|
|Journal||צוהר לבית הסוהר|
|State||Published - 2015|