Asymmetric Spin Transport in Colloidal Quantum Dot Junctions

John P. Philbin, Amikam Levy, Prineha Narang, Wenjie Dou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study of charge and spin transport through semiconductor quantum dots is experiencing a renaissance due to recent advances in nanofabrication and the realization of quantum dots as candidates for quantum computing. In this work, we combine atomistic electronic structure calculations with quantum master equation methods to study the transport of electrons and holes through strongly confined quantum dots coupled to two leads with a voltage bias. We find that a competition between the energy spacing between the two lowest quasi-particle energy levels and the strength of the exchange interaction determines the spin states of the lowest two quasi-particle energy levels. Specifically, the low density of electron states results in a spin singlet being the lowest-energy two-electron state, whereas, in contrast, the high density of states and significant exchange interaction result in a spin triplet being the lowest-energy two-hole state. The exchange interaction is also responsible for spin blockades in transport properties, which could persist up to temperatures as high as 77 K for strongly confined colloidal quantum dots from our calculations. Finally, we relate these findings to the preparation and manipulation of singlet and triplet spin qubit states in quantum dots using voltage biases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26661-26669
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume125
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 American Chemical Society

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