Assessment of natural radioactivity levels and radiation hazards due to cement industry

A. El-Taher, S. Makhluf, A. Nossair, A. S. Abdel Halim

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73 Scopus citations


The cement industry is considered as one of the basic industries that plays an important role in the national economy of developing countries. Activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in Assiut cement and other local cement types from different Egyptian factories has been measured by using γ-ray spectrometry. From the measured γ-ray spectra, specific activities were determined. The measured activity concentrations for these natural radionuclides were compared with the reported data for other countries. The average values obtained for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K activity concentration in different types of cement are lower than the corresponding global values reported in UNSCEAR publications. The obtained results show that the averages of radiation hazard parameters for Assiut cement factory are lower than the acceptable level of 370 Bq kg-1 for radium equivalent Raeq, 1 for level index Iγr, the external hazard index Hex ≤1 and 59 (nGy h-1) for absorbed dose rate. The manufacturing operation reduces the radiation hazard parameters. Cement does not pose a significant radiological hazard when used for construction of buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cement
  • Natural radioactivity
  • Radiation hazards
  • Raw materials


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