Anxious Attachment Mediates the Associations Between Early Recollections of Mother's Own Parental Bonding and Mother–Infant Bonding: A 2-Month Path Analysis Model

Maor Kalfon Hakhmigari, Yoav Peled, Haim Krissi, Sigal Levy, Maayan Molmen-Lichter, Jonathan E. Handelzalts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Parental bonding (recollection of own parents' parenting), adult attachment, and mother–infant bonding are all closely related yet distinct concepts of the parent–child relationship, sometimes used interchangeably in the literature. This study aimed to examine the associations between these concepts in a longitudinal path analysis design. A total of 262 postpartum women who gave birth at the maternity ward of a large tertiary health center in Israel completed a demographic questionnaire, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR), the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) at 1–4 days postpartum, and the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) at 2 months postpartum. Parental care factor (PBI) was found to be associated with mother–infant bonding (PBQ), directly and indirectly through insecure anxious attachment (ECR). Denial of autonomy factor (PBI) was found to be associated with mother–infant bonding (PBQ) only through insecure anxious attachment (ECR). Encouragement of behavioral freedom factor (PBI) was found to be associated with mother–infant bonding (PBQ) in a simple correlation but not in the complete model. The results highlight the intergenerational aspects of parenting and suggest that early childhood interventions with parents may have a long-term impact on child-rearing though generations, and by that on children's development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number682161
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Kalfon Hakhmigari, Peled, Krissi, Levy, Molmen-Lichter and Handelzalts.

Keywords

  • adult attachment
  • childbirth
  • mother–infant bonding
  • parental bonding
  • postpartum

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