Anxiety, impulsivity and depressed mood in relation to suicidal and violent behavior

A. Apter, R. Plutchik, H. M. van Praag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

192 Scopus citations


Many different variables have been associated with suicidal behavior as well as with violent behavior. This study was designed to test a model that attempts to relate such variables to violence and suicide risk. Sixty psychiatric patients were evaluated and divided into suicidal and nonsuicidal groups and then into violent and nonviolent groups. Scores on suicide risk, violence risk, anxiety, anger, impulsivity and mood were then compared between these groups. In a second analysis, scores on suicide risk and violence risk were correlated with all the other variables. Anxiety and impulsivity were found to strongly correlate with suicide risk. Angry and resentful mood correlated with violence risk; trait anxiety correlated negatively with violence risk. The results contribute further insight into the authors' two‐stage model of countervailing forces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • anxiety
  • depression
  • impulsivity
  • suicide
  • violence


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