Inula viscosa is a perennial herbaceous plant used topically in folk medicine as an anti-scabies, anti-inflammatory, and wound-healing agent. We examined the antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract of I. viscosa. We isolated and identified several polyphenolic antioxidants from I. viscosa leaves and focused on 1,3-dicaffeoylquinic acid (1,3-diCQA). Antioxidant activity was measured using ABTS and DPPH assays, which measure antioxidant activity. The concentrations of 1,3-diCQA required for the inhibition of oxidation were lower than those required by other known antioxidants. 1,3-diCQA inhibited oxidative damage caused by various factors, including FeSO4 and AAPH (2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dehydrochloride). Antioxidant activity can also be detected by the ability of a compound to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS). 1,3-diCQA was found to scavenge hydroxyl radical and superoxide radicals, as measured by electron spin resonance (ESR). These data demonstrate that 1,3-diCQA exhibits antioxidant properties, probably through the involvement of a direct scavenging effect on several free radicals.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partly supported by the Vinograd Foundation and the Lewitt–Schwartz Chair.
- Antioxidant activity
- Caffeoylquinic acid
- Dicaffeoylquinic acid
- Inula viscosa