Anticipated dependence: A determinant in an integrative model of power relations among elderly couples

L. Kulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study proposes an integrative, multivariate model for analysis of conjugal power relations among elderly married couples, from the perspective of the husband. The conceptual framework of the model is based on the well-known Resource Theory. However, in addition to the resources examined in other studies (e.g., economic and social resources), this model considers the husband's anticipated dependence on his wife as a potential factor that may explain conjugal power relations. The integrative model was tested on 211 elderly husbands in Israel. It was found that the primary variables explaining conjugal power relations in late adulthood are psychological-expressive in nature. Instrumental-economic resources were not found to have any explanatory power in the late stage of life. Traditional attitudes of the husband regarding the capacity of women to fulfill roles outside of the home correlated positively with his perceived power in the marital relationship. The findings indicate that the Resource Theory may be expanded and that anticipated dependence can be incorporated as a potential resource affecting current power relations among elderly couples.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)363-377
JournalJournal of Aging Studies
Volume11
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

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