Anti-IL-10 therapeutic strategy using the immunomodulator AS101 in protecting mice from sepsis-induced death: Dependence on timing of immunomodulating intervention

Yona Kalechman, Uzi Gafter, Rivka Gal, Galit Rushkin, Donghong Yan, Michael Albeck, Benjamin Sredni

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112 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of IL-10 in experimental sepsis is controversial. The nontoxic immunomodulator, ammonium trichloro(dioxoethyleneo,o′)tellurate (AS101) has been previously shown to inhibit IL-10 expression at the transcriptional level. In this study, we show that in mice subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), treatment with AS101 12 h after, but not before, CLP significantly increased survival of septic mice. This was associated with a significant decrease in serum IL-10 and in IL-10 secretion by peritoneal macrophages 24-48 h after CLP. At that time, the ability of these cells to secrete TNF-α and IL-1β was restored in AS101-treated mice. The increased survival of AS101-treated mice was due to the inhibition of IL-10, since cotreatment with murine rIL-10 abolished the protective activity of AS101. AS101 increased class II Ag expression on peritoneal macrophages, severely depressed in control mice, while it did not, affect the expression of class I Ags. This was accompanied by a significant elevation in the level of IFN-γ secreted by splenocytes. Moreover, AS101 ameliorated bacterial clearance in the peritoneum and blood and decreased severe multiple organ damage, as indicated by clinical chemistry. Furthermore, myeloperoxidase levels in the liver and lung of AS101-treated mice, an indirect means of determining the recruitment of neutrophils, were significantly decreased. We suggest that nontoxic agents such as AS101, with the capacity to inhibit IL-10 and stimulate macrophage functions, may have clinical potential in the treatment of sepsis, provided they are administered during the phase of sepsis characterized by immune suppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-392
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume169
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2002

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