Anomalous Hydrodynamics in a One-Dimensional Electronic Fluid

I. V. Protopopov, R. Samanta, A. D. Mirlin, D. B. Gutman

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Abstract

We construct multimode viscous hydrodynamics for one-dimensional spinless electrons. Depending on the scale, the fluid has six (shortest lengths), four (intermediate, exponentially broad regime), or three (asymptotically long scales) hydrodynamic modes. Interaction between hydrodynamic modes leads to anomalous scaling of physical observables and waves propagating in the fluid. In the four-mode regime, all modes are ballistic and acquire Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ)-like broadening with asymmetric power-law tails. "Heads"and "tails"of the waves contribute equally to thermal conductivity, leading to ω-1/3 scaling of its real part. In the three-mode regime, the system is in the universality class of a classical viscous fluid [O. Narayan and S. Ramaswamy, Anomalous Heat Conduction in One-Dimensional Momentum-Conserving Systems, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 200601 (2002).PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.89.200601, H. Spohn, Nonlinear fluctuating hydrodynamics for anharmonic chains, J. Stat. Phys. 154, 1191 (2014).JSTPBS0022-471510.1007/s10955-014-0933-y]. Self-interaction of the sound modes results in a KPZ-like shape, while the interaction with the heat mode results in asymmetric tails. The heat mode is governed by Levy flight distribution, whose power-law tails give rise to ω-1/3 scaling of heat conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number256801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume126
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jun 2021

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