Anomalous electrochemical capacitance in Mott-insulator titanium sesquioxide

Sumana Kumar, Sukanta Nandi, Vikash Mishra, Alok Shukla, Abha Misra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrochemical capacitors with pure electric double-layer capacitance have so far been largely limited to carbon materials. Conventional metal oxides with faradaic pseudocapacitance substantially suffer from material instability at high temperatures, and thus there is a demand for novel metal oxides exhibiting improved high electrochemical capacitance with material stability. In this study, titanium sesquioxide, Ti2O3, a Mott-insulator in its metallic state at 300 °C, shows an anomalous increase of ∼560% in its solid-state electrochemical capacitance as compared to its pristine response at room temperature (RT). In an aqueous electrolyte, a maximum capacitance of 1053 μF cm−2 was obtained, which is 307% higher than that with solid-state electrolytes. Moreover, the semiconducting state of Ti2O3 demonstrated ∼3500% enhancement in its electrochemical capacitance upon infrared illumination at RT. The observed electrochemical responses of Ti2O3 are attributed to the transition from the semiconducting state to the metallic state by redistribution of localized electrons. Our experimental results find a good agreement with the first-principles density functional theory calculations that revealed an increase in charge density with a rise in temperature, which is mainly attributed to the surface Ti atoms. The study opens up wide avenues to engineer the electrochemical capacitance of Ti2O3 with high thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7314-7325
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry

Funding

All the authors would like to acknowledge Centre for Nanoscience and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for providing characterization facilities.

FundersFunder number
Indian Institute of Science

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