Analogy construction versus analogy solution, and their influence on transfer

Yifat Harpaz-Itay, Shlomo Kaniel, Einat Ben-Amram

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Scopus citations


    This study compares transfer performed by subjects trained to solve verbal analogies, with transfer by subjects trained to construct them. The first group (n = 57) received instruction in a strategy to solve verbal analogies and the second group (n = 66) was trained in strategies for constructing such analogies. Before and after intervention, all subjects received three analogical tasks: verbal, figural and numerical. The success rate was measured by an effectiveness measure. Even though both interventions improved performance, the construction group scored higher results in the numerical and figural analogy tasks. Following Sternberg's "componential sub-theory of intelligence", the constructors' advantage is attributed primarily to higher-level activation of the three significant metacomponents: problem recognition, strategy planning and supervision in task performance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)583-591
    Number of pages9
    JournalLearning and Instruction
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Dec 2006


    • Analogy reasoning
    • Strategy
    • Training program
    • Transfer


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