An ultrasonic technology for production of antibacterial nanomaterials and their coating on textiles

Anna V. Abramova, Vladimir O. Abramov, Aharon Gedanken, Ilana Perelshtein, Vadim M. Bayazitov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method for the production of antibacterial ZnO nanoparticles has been developed. The technique combines passing an electric current with simultaneous application of ultrasonic waves. By using high-power ultrasound a cavitation zone is created between two zinc electrodes. This leads to the possibility to create a spatial electrical discharge in water. Creation of such discharge leads to the depletion of the electrodes and the formation of ZnO nanoparticles, which demonstrate antibacterial properties. At the end of this reaction the suspension of ZnO nanoparticles is transported to a specially developed ultrasonic reactor, in which the nanoparticles are deposited on the textile. The nanoparticles are embedded into the fibres by the cavitation jets, which are formed by asymmetrically collapsing bubbles in the presence of a solid surface and are directed towards the surface of textile at very high velocities. Fabrics coated with ZnO nanoparticles by using the developed method showed good antibacterial activity against E. coli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-536
Number of pages5
JournalBeilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Antibacterial textile
  • Cavitation
  • Electrical discharge in liquid
  • Nanoparticle
  • Ultrasound

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