An off-the-shelf integrated microfluidic device comprising self-assembled monolayers for protein array experiments

Mirit Hen, Maria Ronen, Alex Deitch, Efrat Barbiro-Michaely, Ziv Oren, Chaim N. Sukenik, Doron Gerber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Microfluidic-based protein arrays are promising tools for life sciences, with increased sensitivity and specificity. One of the drawbacks of this technology is the need to create fresh surface chemistry for protein immobilization at the beginning of each experiment. In this work, we attempted to include the process of surface functionalization as part of the fabrication of the device, which would substitute the time consuming step of surface functionalization at the beginning of each protein array experiment. To this end, we employed a novel surface modification using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) to immobilize biomolecules within the channels of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) integrated microfluidic device. As a model, we present a general method for depositing siloxane-anchored SAMs, with 1-undecyl-thioacetate-trichlorosilane (C11TA) on the silica surfaces. The process involved developing PDMS-compatible conditions for both SAM deposition and functional group activation. We successfully demonstrated the ability to produce, within an integrated microfluidic channel, a C11TA monolayer with a covalently conjugated antibody. The antibody could then bind its antigen with a high signal to background ratio. We further demonstrated that the antibody was still active after storage of the device for a week. Integration of the surface chemistry into the device as part of its fabrication process has potential to significantly simplify and shorten many experimental procedures involving microfluidic-based protein arrays. In turn, this will allow for broader dissemination of this important technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054108
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2015

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