An iron and bronze workshop in the lower city of Tell es-Safi/Gath, dated to the mid-late Iron IIA, contributes new data on the chronology, organization, and practice of metal production in the urban Philistine setting. Analyses show that iron objects were likely produced and maintained on a large scale, alongside bronze, employing regionally unique forms of crucibles and tuyères. The material culture of metalworking is discussed in relation to contemporaneous iron production sites in the region, building a more robust picture of the adoption of iron metallurgy in the Levant versus the status of bronze and iron.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by two Israel Science Foundation grants (no. 1047/17 to A. Eliyahu-Behar and no. 911/18 to A.M. Maeir). V. Workman is grateful to the Azrieli Foundation, the RIAB Minerva Center, and ISF grant no. 1047/17 for scholarship support. The authors are grateful to Maria Eniukina and Jay Rosenberg for help with figure preparation.
© The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 2020.
- Copper/bronze working
- Iron IIA
- Iron production
- Metal crafts
- Tell es-Safi/Gath