An informative video before planned cesarean delivery and maternal anxiety—a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Hadas Miremberg, Karen Yirmiya, Dana Vinter, Roy Lauterbach, Enav Yefet, Rima Nassra, Yael Ganor Paz, Rina Hagege, Eran Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is one of the most common procedures performed in obstetrics, and although cesarean delivery is a blissful occasion, it is commonly associated with fear and anxiety for the new mother. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the impact of watching a detailed, informative video on maternal anxiety levels, childbirth experience, and patient satisfaction in patients undergoing a primary cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter randomized control trial. Women scheduled to undergo a primary nonemergent cesarean delivery were recruited. All participants in the intervention group watched an informative video on recruitment. This 4-minute video described in detail the expected cesarean delivery process: preparations before entering the operation room, regional anesthesia administration, sterile covering, the surgical procedure itself, and recovery (including mobilization and lactation). Situation-specific anxiety was measured at recruitment, before exposure to the video (S1), at the day of the operation (S2), and at postpartum day 1 (S3) using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score. In addition, participants answered a 10-item Childbirth Experience Questionnaire. A sample size of 63 per group was planned to achieve 80% power to detect a difference of 5 points in the primary outcome (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score on the day of the operation). RESULTS: Overall, 154 participants from 4 medical centers were randomized, and 132 participants were analyzed after completing all questionnaires, 64 participants in the video group and 68 participants in the control group. The groups did not differ in demographics and delivery characteristics and had similar baseline anxiety levels (S1). On operation day (S2, the primary outcome), significantly lower anxiety levels were reported in the video group than in the control group (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores, 41.3±9.5 vs 49.3±10.3; P<.001). Moreover, anxiety levels in postpartum day 1 (S3) remained significantly lower in the video group (P<.001). No difference between the groups in childbirth experience score or patient satisfaction was demonstrated. CONCLUSION: A detailed informative video shown to patients before primary cesarean delivery decreased maternal anxiety levels before and after the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100604
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The production of the video for this study was funded by a grant from the Emma Neiman Foundation for Childbirth Research, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.


  • anxiety
  • cesarean delivery
  • multicenter
  • randomized control trial
  • video


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