An Exact Statistical Representation of α-η-κ-μ Fading Model for THz Wireless Communication

Pranay Bhardwaj, Eesha Santosh Karnawat, S. M. Zafaruddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The α-η-κ-μ is one of the most generalized and flexible channel models having an excellent fit to experimental data from diverse propagation environments. The existing statistical results on the envelope of α-η-κ-μ model contain an infinite series, prohibiting its widespread application in the performance analysis of wireless systems. This paper employs a novel approach to derive density and distribution functions of the envelope of the α-η-κ-μ fading channel without an infinite series approximation. The derived statistical results are presented using a single Fox's H-function for tractable performance analysis, especially for high-frequency mmWave and terahertz wireless transmissions. We also develop an asymptotic analysis using the Gamma function, which converges to the exact values within a reasonable range of channel parameters. To further substantiate the proposed analysis, we present the exact outage probability and average bit-error-rate (BER) performance of a wireless link subjected to the α-η-κ-μ fading model using a single trivariate Fox's H-function. We obtain the diversity order of the system by analyzing the outage probability at a high signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio. We use simulations to demonstrate the significance of the developed statistical results compared with the existing infinite series representation of the α-η-κ-μ model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350370218
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2023 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Dec 20238 Dec 2023

Publication series

Name2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2023


Conference2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2023
CityKuala Lumpur

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.


  • Fading channel
  • Fox's H-function
  • Terahertz
  • mmWave
  • small-scale fading
  • α-η-κ-μ


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