An Epidemiological Study of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Related Disorders in Israeli Adolescents

ADA H. ZOHAR, GIDI RATZONI, DAVID L. PAULS, ALAN APTER, AVI BLEICH, SHMUEL KRON, MICHAL RAPPAPORT, AVI WEIZMAN, DONALD J. COHEN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

206 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five hundred and sixty-two, 16− to 17-year-old consecutive inductees into the Israeli Army, constituting a random sample of their cohort, were screened for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Tourette's syndrome, transient tics (TT), chronic multiple tics (CMT), and attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). Two child psychiatrists interviewed the subjects, using screening items from structured interviews that implement DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria. For OCD, a point prevalence of 3.6% was found, 3.9% for ADHD, 1.8% for CMT, and 1.6% for TT. For ADHD, TT, and CMT, but not for OCD, there was a significantly higher prevalence for males than for females. Among the OCD individuals, there was an elevation of TT, CMT, and Tourette's syndrome relative to the population rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1061
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The preparation of this manuscript was supported in part by the Tourette Syndrome Association. with a special gift from the Smith family. A Bergerfellowship to Ada Zohar provided additional support. We wish to thank James F. Leckmanfor a careful and critical reading of the manuscript, as well as two anonymous reviewers.

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • comorbidity
  • epidemiology
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • tic disorders

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An Epidemiological Study of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Related Disorders in Israeli Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this