## Abstract

In many natural situations, one observes a local system with many competing species that is coupled by weak immigration to a regional species pool. The dynamics of such a system is dominated by its stable and uninvadable (SU) states. When the competition matrix is random, the number of SUs depends on the average value and variance of its entries. Here we consider the problem in the limit of weak competition and large variance. Using a yes-no interaction model, we show that the number of SUs corresponds to the number of maximum cliques in an Erdös-Rényi network. The number of SUs grows exponentially with the number of species in this limit, unless the network is completely asymmetric. In the asymmetric limit, the number of SUs is O(1). Numerical simulations suggest that these results are valid for models with a continuous distribution of competition terms.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 012412 |

Journal | Physical Review E |

Volume | 96 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 19 Jul 2017 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2017 American Physical Society.

### Funding

N.S. acknowledges the support of the Israel Science Foundation, Grant No. 1427/15.

Funders | Funder number |
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Israel Science Foundation | 1427/15 |