Alphabet-independent and scaled dictionary matching

A. Amihood, Gruia Călinescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The rapidly growing need for analysis of digitized images in multimedia systems has led to a variety of interesting problems in multidimensional pattern matching. One of the problems is that of scaled matching, finding all appearances of a pattern in a text in all sizes. Another important problem is dictionary matching, a quick search through a dictionary of preprocessed patterns in order to find all dictionary patterns that appear in the input text. In this paper we provide a simple algorithm for two-dimensional scaled matching. Our algorithm is the first linear-time alphabet-independent scaled matching algorithm. Its running time is O(|T|), where |T| is the text size, and is independent of |Σ|, the size of the alphabet. The main idea behind our algorithm is to identify and exploit a scaling-invariant property of patterns. Our technique generalizes to produce the first known algorithm for scaled dictionary matching. We can find all appearances of all dictionary patterns that appear in the input text in any discrete scale. The time bounds of our algorithm are equal to the currently known exact (no scaling) two-dimensional dictionary matching algorithms.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)34-62
JournalJournal of Algorithms
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


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