Alkyl-thiol langmuir films on the surface of liquid mercury

H. Kraack, L. Tamam, E. Sloutskin, M. Deutsch, B. M. Ocko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coverage dependent phase behavior of monolayers of alkyl thiols (CH 3(CH 2) n-1 SH, denoted as CnSH) on mercury was studied for chain lengths 9 ≤ n ≤ 22, using surface tensiometry and surface-specific X-ray scattering methods. At low coverage, a disordered single layer of surface-parallel molecules is found for all n. At high coverage, a monolayer of standing-up molecules is formed, exhibiting well-ordered phases, the structure of which is n- and coverage-dependent. The molecular chains pack in a centered rectangular unit cell, with an ∼27° tilt from the surface normal toward nearest neighbors. The strong sulfur-mercury bond induces a noncentered unit cell for the headgroups, incorporating one mercury atom per two thiol molecules. The small but significant differences in structure of these films on gold and on mercury are discussed and assigned to the different structure of the subphase: long-range-ordered crystal for gold and short-range-ordered liquid for mercury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7571-7582
Number of pages12
JournalLangmuir
Volume23
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2007

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