Alienation in state-owned and private companies in Russia

Moshe Banai, Jacob Yaakov Weisberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study explores the level of alienation among Russian employees in state-owned and private business organizations over a period of 2 years. Based on the employment situation in Russia, employees in private companies were expected to be more alienated from their work than employees in state-owned companies. Survey data have been collected from 725 employees in five state-owned and three private Russian companies in 1994 and 1995. The results indicate that employees in private companies are more alienated than their counterparts in state-owned companies. Moreover, while the level of personal alienation has not changed over the 2-year period, social alienation has become more prevalent. It is concluded that as opposed to social alienation, which tends to change with a transition in the political and economic systems, Western style personal alienation is a steady measure of individual's attitude towards life that hardly changes in reaction to environmental changes. Logistic Regression analysis revealed Self-Estrangement to be more prevalent among employees in private companies than among employees in state-owned companies. Implications for research and practitioners are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-383
Number of pages25
JournalScandinavian Journal of Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2003


  • Alienation
  • Logistic Regression
  • Private sector
  • Public sector
  • Russia
  • Transitional economy


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