Airway Management of the Patient with Maxillofacial Trauma: Review of the Literature and Suggested Clinical Approach

Michal Barak, Hany Bahouth, Yoav Leiser, Imad Abu El-Naaj

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to the Advanced Trauma Life Support recommendations for managing patients with life-threatening injuries, securing the airway is the first task of a primary caregiver. Airway management of patients with maxillofacial trauma is complex and crucial because it can dictate a patient's survival. Securing the airway of patients with maxillofacial trauma is often extremely difficult because the trauma involves the patient's airway and their breathing is compromised. In these patients, mask ventilation and endotracheal intubation are anticipated to be difficult. Additionally, some of these patients may not yet have been cleared of a cervical spine injury, and all are regarded as having a full stomach and having an increased risk of regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration. The requirements of the intended maxillofacial operation may often preclude the use of an oral intubation tube, and alternative methods for securing the airway should be considered before the start of the surgery. In order to improve the clinical outcome of patients with maxillofacial trauma, cooperation between maxillofacial surgeons, anesthesiologists, and trauma specialists is needed. In this review, we discuss the complexity and difficulties of securing the airway of patients with maxillofacial trauma and present our approach for airway management of such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number724032
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Michal Barak et al.

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