Aging power spectrum of membrane protein transport and other subordinated random walks

Zachary R. Fox, Eli Barkai, Diego Krapf

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-particle tracking offers detailed information about the motion of molecules in complex environments such as those encountered in live cells, but the interpretation of experimental data is challenging. One of the most powerful tools in the characterization of random processes is the power spectral density. However, because anomalous diffusion processes in complex systems are usually not stationary, the traditional Wiener-Khinchin theorem for the analysis of power spectral densities is invalid. Here, we employ a recently developed tool named aging Wiener-Khinchin theorem to derive the power spectral density of fractional Brownian motion coexisting with a scale-free continuous time random walk, the two most typical anomalous diffusion processes. Using this analysis, we characterize the motion of voltage-gated sodium channels on the surface of hippocampal neurons. Our results show aging where the power spectral density can either increase or decrease with observation time depending on the specific parameters of both underlying processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6162
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Oct 2021

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© 2021, The Author(s).

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