Age-Related Differences in the Presentation, Management, and Clinical Outcomes of 100,000 Patients With Venous Thromboembolism in the RIETE Registry

The RIETE Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Although older adults represent a significant proportion of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), the data on the impact of age-related differences in the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of VTE are scarce. Methods: We analyzed data from the RIETE registry database, an ongoing global observational registry of patients with objectively confirmed VTE, to compare patient characteristics, clinical presentation, treatments, and outcomes between elderly (≥70 years) vs. non-elderly (<70 years) patients. Results: From January 2001 to March 2021, 100,000 adult patients were enrolled in RIETE. Elderly patients (47.9%) were more frequently women (58.2% vs. 43.5%), more likely had unprovoked VTE (50.5% vs. 45.1%) and most often presented with severe renal failure (10.2% vs. 1.2%) and acute pulmonary embolism (PE) (vs. deep vein thrombosis) (54.3% vs. 44.5%) compared to non-elderly patients (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). For the PE subgroup, elderly patients more frequently had non-low risk PE (78.9% vs. 50.7%; p < 0.001), respiratory failure (33.9% vs. 21.8%; p < 0.001) and myocardial injury (40.0% vs. 26.2%; p < 0.001) compared to non-elderly patients. Thrombolysis (0.9% vs. 1.7%; p < 0.001) and direct oral anticoagulants (8.8% vs. 11.8%; p < 0.001) were less frequently administered to elderly patients. Elderly patients showed a significantly higher 30-day all-cause mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.36, 95%CI: 1.22–1.52) and major bleeding (OR, 2.08; 95%CI, 1.85–2.33), but a lower risk of 30-day VTE recurrences (OR, 0.62, 95%CI, 0.54–0.71). Conclusions: Compared with non-elderly patients, elderly patients had a different VTE clinical profile. Advanced therapies were less frequently used in older patients. Age was an independent predictor of mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-152
Number of pages10
JournalArchivos de Bronconeumologia
Volume60
Issue number3
Early online date3 Jan 2024
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 SEPAR

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • Bleeding
  • Mortality
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Recurrences
  • Venous thromboembolism

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Age-Related Differences in the Presentation, Management, and Clinical Outcomes of 100,000 Patients With Venous Thromboembolism in the RIETE Registry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this