Affective and cognitive empathy and social quality of life in schizophrenia: A comparison between a parallel process model and an integrative meditation model

Shani Ofir-Eyal, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Shlomo Kravetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two alternative models of impaired cognitive and affective processing that may underlie reduced social quality of life (SQoL) of persons with schizophrenia, were examined. According to the parallel process model, impaired cognitive empathy and affective empathy make relatively independent contributions to the symptoms of schizophrenia and to the consequent reduction in SQoL. According to the integrative mediation model, the symptoms of schizophrenia and the reduction in SQoL associated with these symptoms are the products of a process by which impairments of cognitive empathy are contingent on impairments of affective empathy. 90 persons with schizophrenia were assessed for SQoL, symptoms and cognitive and affective empathy. Results support the integrative mediation model only for cognitive empathy and negative psychiatric symptoms. Only the negative links between cognitive empathy and negative symptoms served to mediate the positive relation between affective empathy and SQoL. Positive symptoms had a limited negative impact on SQoL and did not play a role in the paths that linked affective empathy to SQoL. Age had a statistically significant and negative indirect relationship to SQoL. Results are consistent with recent approach that distinguish between cognitive and affective empathy and specify how these two processes are integrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume220
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Keywords

  • Cognitive affective empathy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms

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