The need for new, reliable, and sustainable energy sources led to the development of new types of fuel cells. Fuel cells that rely on liquid hydrogen carriers may be the ultimate solution to the expensive hydrogen logistics issues. In this category, direct quinone fuel cells (DQFCs) are a promising new technology that solves many of the issues of traditional fuel cells. As a new technology, DQFCs need to be studied thoroughly to reach their full potential. Here, we use a distribution of relaxation times (DRT) analysis to analyze the impedance data of DQFCs, to gain a better understanding of the system. We systematically changed the operating parameters and attributed the changes in the DRT spectra to the physical processes they correspond to. The four main peaks observed in the DRT measurements were assigned to oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), quinone diffusion resistance, proton diffusion in the membrane and in the catalyst layer. Understanding of these phenomena in DQFCs allows a smarter design of materials, and further increasing the performance of this new fuel cells technology.
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- Direct quinone fuel cell