Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is a dynamic process involved in cognitive functions, like learning and memory. Numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors regulate and affect hippocampal neurogenesis. An exceptionally beneficial external factor is physical exercise due to the impact of the lactate accumulated during physical effort on neural plasticity. Lactate has recently emerged as one of the most interesting and potent factors in health and disease due to its involvement in the metabolism and signaling of most, if not all, of the cells in the CNS. Herein, we illustrate the effects induced by lactate on the different cell types within the neurogenic niche, in light of their described roles in regulating adult hippocampal neurogenesis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by the Paul Feder fund for Alzheimer’s disease research, and the manuscript was edited by Yael Laure.
This work was funded by the Paul Feder fund for Alzheimer’s disease research.
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.