Adjustment of women immigrants from Ethiopia: The contributing factors

H. Itzhaky, Drorit Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examined variables that contribute to well-being, one of the main indices of immigrants' adjustment (personal resources and community indices) among Ethiopian women who emigrated to Israel. Based on social systems theory, three levels of variables were examined: inputs (personal resources), throughputs (community indices), and outputs (well-being). Path analysis revealed interesting results that shed new light on the research model and emphasize the key role of developing leadership competence among women immigrants from Ethiopia. According to the new model, the level of inputs includes the community indices but does not include personal resources. In this analysis, leadership competence was the only community variable that correlated significantly with personal resources. No significant direct associations were found between the level of inputs (in this case, community indices) and the level of outputs (well-being). However, results showed that self-esteem mediated between leadership competence and well-being. The Discussion section of this article will highlight the importance of developing professional interventions that focus on promoting leadership competence among individuals, groups, and communities, as well as on enhancing personal resources.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-16
JournalSocial Development Issues: alternative approaches to global human needs
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016


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