Adherence to Voice Therapy Among Patients with Dysphonia: The Impact of Cultural Background

Hagit Marsha, Aviv Daniel, Masha Lapidot, Snir Bar, Sagi Shashar, Mordechai Kraus, Oded Cohen, Oren Ziv, Youval Slovik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Voice therapy (VT), a cornerstone in dysphonia treatment, relies on patient adherence for efficacy. Despite its positive outcomes, adherence rates remain consistently low. This study investigates the impact of cultural background on adherence to VT. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study that included all adult patients referred to our institution's Speech and Hearing unit, in 2018 for VT related to dysphonia. The study group included a distinct adult minority group (Bedouin Arabs) which was compared to a control group. Adherence rates, demographic factors, and therapy outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 137 adult patients with dysphonia (20 in the study group and 117 in the control group) were included. There were no significant differences in adherence rates between the study and control groups (75% vs 74.3%, P = 1), with an overall nonadherence rate of 74.4%. The median leg of time for VT was 239 days, and the median number of visits was 3.0. Logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age and visits, indicated lower odds of dysphonia improvement in the study group (odds ratios [OR]: 0.12, P = 0.05). However, visits showed a significant positive impact on improvement (OR: 2.58, P < 0.001). Conclusion: While cultural background does not impact adherence rate, it is associated with different attendance patterns and lower voice outcomes following VT. Future efforts should concentrate on investigating aspects of adherence such as home exercises, accessibility of treatment, and the frequency of follow-up sessions to facilitate customized interventions for specific populations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Voice
Early online date26 Mar 2024
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 26 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Voice Foundation

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Cultural differences
  • Dysphonia
  • Voice therapy

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