Activities in the FeTiO 3-NiTiO 3 solid solution from alloy-oxide equilibria at 1273 K

K. T. Jacob, Shubhra Raj, S. N.S. Reddy

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Nine tie-lines between Fe-Ni alloys and FeTiO 3-NiTiO 3 solid solutions were determined at 1273 K. Samples were equilibrated in evacuated quartz ampoules for periods up to 10 days. Compositions of the alloy and oxide phases at equilibrium were determined by energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. X-ray powder diffraction was used to confirm the results. Attainment of equilibrium was verified by the conventional tie-line rotation technique and by thermodynamic analysis of the results. The tie-lines are skewed toward the FeTiO 3 corner. From the tie-line data and activities in the Fe-Ni alloy phase available in the literature, activities of FeTiO 3 and NiTiO 3 in the ilmenite solid solution were derived using the modified Gibbs-Duhem technique of Jacob and Jeffes [K.T. Jacob and J.H.E. Jeffes, An Improved Method for Calculating Activities from Distribution Equilibria, High Temp. High Press., 1972, 4, p 177-182]. The components of the oxide solid solution exhibit moderate positive deviations from Raoult's law. Within experimental error, excess Gibbs energy of mixing for the FeTiO 3-NiTiO 3 solid solution at 1273 K is a symmetric function of composition and can be represented as: ΔG E = 8590 (±200)X FeTiO3 X NiTiO J/mol Full spectrum of tie-lines and oxygen potentials for the three-phase equilibrium involving Fe-Ni alloys, FeTiO 3-NiTiO 3 solid solutions, and TiO 2 at 1273 K were computed using results obtained in this study and data available in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Ilmenite solid solution
  • Lattice parameters
  • Oxygen potential diagram
  • Phase equilibria
  • System Fe-Ni-Ti-O
  • Thermodynamic activities


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