Acoustic radiation force imaging using a single-shot spiral readout

Asaf Ilovitsh, Brett Z. Fite, Tali Ilovitsh, Katherine W. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to develop and validate rapid magnetic resonance acoustic radiation force imaging (MR-ARFI) using a single shot spiral readout for focused ultrasound (FUS) guidance and for local tissue displacement measurements. A magnetic resonance guided FUS system was used to focus a 3 MHz ultrasound beam to a predetermined position. MR-ARFI was performed with a Bruker 7 T MRI using a modified single-shot spiral readout, with additional motion encoding gradients that convert local displacement into the phase image. Post processing was then used to analyze the resulting displacement and to evaluate the method's performance for the detection of tissue changes resulting from thermal ablation. The single-shot spiral readout acquires a single MR-ARFI image in one second, which is up to two orders of magnitude faster than conventional 2D spin-warp spin echo that acquires the k-space data line by line. The ARFI displacement in tissue mimicking phantoms was detected and localized with less than 5% geometric distortion. The ARFI displacement was also measured pre and post thermal ablation in an ex vivo chicken breast. For transmitted peak negative pressure of 8.6 MPa, the maximum displacement of the tissue that was ablated to 70 C was 78% lower than the pre-ablated tissue. Since spiral readout is not prone to geometrical distortion, it is well-suited for FUS guidance, without generating undesired temperature elevation. Additionally, local displacement measurements of tissues can be performed rapidly during thermal ablation procedures and may help to assess the success of the treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125004
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 10 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.


  • MRgFUS
  • single-shot spiral
  • spiral


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