A Review on Synthesis Methods of Phyllosilicate-and Graphene-Filled Composite Hydrogels

Sayan Ganguly, Shlomo Margel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This review discusses, in brief, the various synthetic methods of two widely-used nanofillers; phyllosilicate and graphene. Both are 2D fillers introduced into hydrogel matrices to achieve mechanical robustness and water uptake behavior. Both the fillers are inserted by physical and chemical gelation methods where most of the chemical gelation, i.e., covalent approaches, results in better physical properties compared to their physical gels. Physical gels occur due to supramolecular assembly, van der Waals interactions, electrostatic interactions, hydrophobic associations, and H-bonding. For chemical gelation, in situ radical triggered gelation mostly occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Gelation
  • Hydrogel
  • Mechanical robustness
  • Nanofillers
  • Water uptake


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