A pair-to-pair amino acids substitution matrix and its applications for protein structure prediction

Eran Eyal, Milana Frenkel-Morgenstern, Vladimir Sobolev, Shmuel Pietrokovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


We present a new structurally derived pair-to-pair substitution matrix (P2PMAT). This matrix is constructed from a very large amount of integrated high quality multiple sequence alignments (Blocks) and protein structures. It evaluates the likelihoods of all 160,000 pair-to-pair substitutions. P2PMAT matrix implicitly accounts for evolutionary conservation, correlated mutations, and residue-residue contact potentials. The usefulness of the matrix for structural predictions is shown in this article. Predicting protein residue-residue contacts from sequence information alone, by our method (P2PConPred) is particularly accurate in the protein cores, where it performs better than other basic contact prediction methods (increasing accuracy by 25-60%). The method mean accuracy for protein cores is 24% for 59 diverse families and 34% for a subset of proteins shorter than 100 residues. This is above the level that was recently shown to be sufficient to significantly improve ab initio protein structure prediction. We also demonstrate the ability of our approach to identify native structures within large sets of (300-2000) protein decoys. On the basis of evolutionary information alone our method ranks the native structure in the top 0.3% of the decoys in 4/10 of the sets, and in 8/10 of sets the native structure is ranked in the top 10% of the decoys. The method can, thus, be used to assist filtering wrong models, complimenting traditional scoring functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-153
Number of pages12
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Genetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Contact prediction
  • Correlated mutations
  • ab initio


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