A new approach for the preparation of anodes for Li-ion batteries based on activated hard carbon cloth with pore design

I. Isaev, G. Salitra, A. Soffer, Y. S. Cohen, D. Aurbach, J. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate herein the possibility to prepare carbon anodes for Li-ion batteries using simple carbonized polymeric precursors such as cotton and phenolic cloths. Activation by controlled oxidation forms highly porous carbons whose electrochemical activity in Li salt solutions is mostly an irreversible reduction of solution species and double layer charging. Treating these porous carbons by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of carbon on their surfaces, closes the pores in a way that they can insert Li-ions, but not solution species. These general carbon engineering processes form new carbons with nanoscopic, selectively closed pores, which can serve as highly reversible anode materials for Li-ion batteries, with relatively low irreversible capacity. The capacity of these electrodes depends on the nature of the carbon CVD process. This paper describes the scheme for carbon engineering, gas adsorption measurements that demonstrate the impact of the carbon CVD process, and the relevant changes in the structure of the pores and some preliminary electrochemical measurements in non-aqueous Li salt solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume119-121
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003
EventSelected Papers Presented at the 11th IMLB - Monterey, CA, United States
Duration: 22 Jun 200228 Jun 2002

Keywords

  • AFM
  • BET
  • CV
  • CVD
  • Carbons
  • Li insertion
  • Pore design

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A new approach for the preparation of anodes for Li-ion batteries based on activated hard carbon cloth with pore design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this