A multivariate model for explaining gender differences in commitment to volunteering in the COVID-19 pandemic: The Israeli case

Liat Kulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined gender differences in commitment to volunteering and its explanatory variables among Israeli volunteers in the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Commitment to volunteering was assessed based on tendency to continue volunteering over time, expected intensity of volunteering, and tendency to recommend volunteering to others. The sample included 173 men and 331 women. The social-structural and psychological approaches formed the theoretical basis for explaining commitment to volunteering. Data processing was conducted through path analysis. For both genders, routine volunteering explained commitment to volunteering over time. Instrumental motives for volunteering were stronger for men than for women. A positive correlation was found for both genders between the level of anxiety and motive to escape from reality through volunteering. For women, fear of contracting the coronavirus correlated negatively with expected intensity of volunteering. Recommendations are made to volunteer organizations to adopt a gender-sensitive approach when managing volunteers in an emergency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-70
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Emergency Management
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

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