A multi-factorial framework for understanding reckless driving-appraisal indicators and perceived environmental determinants

Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Mario Mikulincer, Amit Iram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The current study adopted an approach, in which reckless driving is perceived as related to both personal and environmental factors. Young drivers (N = 295) reported on reckless driving related threat and challenge appraisals, their perceived control over reckless driving, their disregard for negative consequences of this specific behavior, positive feedback received on their driving, environmental driving-climate and negative driving modeling. The dependent measure was self-reported frequency of reckless driving. Findings indicated that challenge and self-efficacy appraisals, along with negative environmental influences were related to higher frequency of risky driving, whereas threat appraisals, as well as positive feedback, were related to a lower frequency of reckless driving. In addition, whereas for men, self-efficacy in driving strongly predicted reckless driving, disregard for negative consequences was an important predictor for women. The results are discussed in view of an evaluating process of personal cognitive-emotional resources and environmental support proposed by Lazarus. Recommendations are made regarding the potential effectiveness of using positive appeals in prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-349
Number of pages17
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was conducted as a part of a series of studies carried out at the Research Section of the Department for Casualties and Road Safety in the Israeli Defense Forces, while the first author was head of this research section. This research was partly supported by the Israeli Transportation Ministry.


  • Cognitive appraisal
  • Environmental determinants
  • Reckless Driving


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