TY - JOUR

T1 - A Generalized theorem on the average array directivity factor

AU - Levin, Dovid Y.

AU - Habets, Emanuel A.P.

AU - Gannot, Sharon

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The beampattern of an array consisting of $N$ elements is determined by the beampatterns of the individual elements, their placement, and the weights assigned to them. For each look direction, it is possible to design weights that maximize the array directivity factor (DF). For the case of an array of omnidirectional elements using optimal weights, it has been shown that the average DF over all look directions equals the number of elements. The validity of this theorem is not dependent on array geometry. We generalize this theorem by means of an alternative proof. The chief contributions of this letter are a) a compact and direct proof, b) generalization to arrays containing directional elements (such as cardioids and dipoles), and c) generalization to arbitrary wave propagation models. A discussion of the theorem's ramifications on array processing is provided.

AB - The beampattern of an array consisting of $N$ elements is determined by the beampatterns of the individual elements, their placement, and the weights assigned to them. For each look direction, it is possible to design weights that maximize the array directivity factor (DF). For the case of an array of omnidirectional elements using optimal weights, it has been shown that the average DF over all look directions equals the number of elements. The validity of this theorem is not dependent on array geometry. We generalize this theorem by means of an alternative proof. The chief contributions of this letter are a) a compact and direct proof, b) generalization to arrays containing directional elements (such as cardioids and dipoles), and c) generalization to arbitrary wave propagation models. A discussion of the theorem's ramifications on array processing is provided.

KW - Antenna arrays

KW - array signal processing

KW - microphone arrays

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880556691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/lsp.2013.2271722

DO - 10.1109/lsp.2013.2271722

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AN - SCOPUS:84880556691

SN - 1070-9908

VL - 20

SP - 877

EP - 880

JO - IEEE Signal Processing Letters

JF - IEEE Signal Processing Letters

IS - 9

M1 - 6553205

ER -