A focus on commitment: the roles of transformational and transactional leadership and self-regulatory focus in fostering organizational and safety commitment

Marianna Delegach, Ronit Kark, Tal Katz-Navon, Dina Van Dijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concept of employees’ commitment is one of the most challenging concepts in the management, organizational behaviour and human resource management literatures and research. The current study focuses on the construct of commitment as an emotional attitude, and expands the concept of general organizational commitment to a new more specific form of commitment, commitment to safety. Furthermore, commitment theorists commonly identify leadership as an important contributing factor to the development of organizational commitment. We aim to explain an underlying motivational mechanism, self-regulatory foci, through which leadership styles foster followers’ commitment. Results of three studies that used different methods (field and experimental), within different samples, demonstrated that transformational leadership was positively associated with followers’ promotion focus, which in turn was positively associated with both followers’ general and affective commitment to safety. Prevention focus mediated the positive relationship between a transactional active leadership style and both followers’ general and continuance commitment to safety. The implications of the findings for theory and practice are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-740
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Transformational leadership
  • affective commitment
  • continuance commitment
  • self-regulatory focus
  • transactional leadership

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